Where is a NIC's configuration saved? Hard drive or on itself?

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I want to configure a NIC with a specific address for a computer illiterate person in another state. I'd like to put it in my computer, configure it with the address it needs and then send it to them.

Is the NIC configuration saved in the local machine's hard drive or does it live within the NIC? A

I want to configure a NIC with a specific address for a computer illiterate person in another state. I'd like to put it in my computer, configure it with the address it needs and then send it to them.

Is the NIC configuration saved in the local machine's hard drive or does it live within the NIC? A citation would be awesome.

Other answer:

ijustdunnoaname:
I know in Mac world there is a network profile/configurator. And windows does have a import/export for its network profile.
The challenge is if it identifies the network interface correctly. Certainly, if you have 2 PCs one can
test this out.

Is the user not using DHCP? That is beauty of DHCP, that a user does not need to know too much to get online.

Certainly an easier solution is to send the card with a step by step video on a USB stick.

BigE:
I know in Mac world there is a network profile/configurator. And windows does have a import/export for its network profile.
The challenge is if it identifies the network interface correctly. Certainly, if you have 2 PCs one can
test this out.

Is the user not using DHCP? That is beauty of DHCP, that a user does not need to know too much to get online.

Certainly an easier solution is to send the card with a step by step video on a USB stick.

enemyofthestate:
you cant configure a nic with a "specific" ? address what address are you talking about and what are you tring to do ? the ip address of the system which has this NIC is bestowed by the lans router, the mac address of the nic does not need to be fiddled with , its burned into the nic . the operating system of the computer handles the communication, the only thing you might have to do would be to enter the ciustomers dns servers ip. but you would have to be there, whoever this person is that your trying to help, would be successfully helped by the persons local internet service provider customer service dept.
Me2:
A MAC address or an IP address?  If you mean an IP address, the out-of-state computer almost certainly connects to the Internet through at least one router, so only a local IP address could be set for the NIC.  Local addresses are non-routable, and are not directly accessible via the Internet.

To set the IP address, create a batch (.BAT) file containing this text.

netsh int ip set address "Local Area Connection" static IP_Address Subnet_Mask

Substitute the connection name for "Local Area Connection" as needed.  IP_Address must be within one of the ranges 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255, 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255, and 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255, depending on the router configuration.  The respective values for Subnet_Mask are 255.0.0.0, 255.240.0.0, and 255.255.0.0.

To restore the default configuration, create a second batch file containing this command.

netsh int ip set address "Local Area Connection" dhcp

Note that both must run executed on the target computer, by right-clicking and selecting Run As Administrator.

Windows does not provide tools to alter MAC addresses, and it is strongly advised that you do not attempt to do so.

Richard seems to think that "The subnet masks…are not suitable…and will cause problems", without saying why or what the "problems" would be, or providing corrected values.  Richard is contradicted by Microsoft and other sources.

For example, in https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/libr… the address range 10.0.0.1 to 10.255.255.254 is described as a "class A network".  In https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/libr… the subnet mask for a class A network is given as 255.0.0.0.

That said, if the router manufacturer gives a differing subnet mask, you should of course use that instead.  The command I provided to set the IP address is correct.

Marvinator:
Not easily done. Much of the information is held in the Registry. You'd do better to call and walk them through it or perhaps create a batch file which would make the changes on their machine.

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